Mt Kilimanjaro is one of the most iconic mountains in the world. Its stunning summit of over 19,000 feet towers over Tanzania, and is the highest mountain in Africa. But there is more to this mountain than meets the eye. Here are five surprising facts about Mt Kilimanjaro.
1. The World’s Highest Freestanding Mountain
Mt Kilimanjaro is the highest freestanding mountain in the world. Standing at 19,341 feet, it is nearly a mile higher than the highest peak in the Rocky Mountains. What makes this peak even more impressive is that it is a single, solitary peak, rather than a range of mountains.
This makes it more difficult to climb, as it is more exposed to the elements. Climbers must plan for the thin air, strong winds, and temperature variations of the summit. In addition, summit attempts put climbers at risk of altitude sickness, which can be a dangerous and potentially fatal condition.
2. Unusual Features of Mt Kilimanjaro
Mt Kilimanjaro is home to a variety of unique geographic features. One of the most surprising is the presence of five distinct climatic zones. Starting at the base of the mountain and climbing to the summit, climbers experience a tropical rainforest, a heath and moorland zone, a dry alpine desert, an arctic-like summit, and even glaciers and snowfields.
The mountain also hosts many interesting flora and fauna, including over 500 species of plants and over 100 species of birds. Additionally, the mountain’s many streams and rivers are home to a variety of fish, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals.
Mt Kilimanjaro is an awe-inspiring mountain, and one of the most iconic peaks in the world. Its unique features and wide range of climatic zones make it a great destination for any adventurous traveler. If you’re looking for an unforgettable journey, Mt Kilimanjaro is a great place to start.